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Sunday, February 19, 2012

About The Origin and Significance of the name of " Pakistan ".

Pakistan, by Allah's grace, achieved existence on August 14, 1947 by way of transfer of power by the British Government to the people of the Sub-Continent. The division of the sub-continent become inevitable in the face of the pressure of the Muslim population to have a country of their own where, it was felt, their religion, culture, mode of life as well as participation in politics, industry and trade, would be secure.
The differences between the two main principal religious communities of the Sub-Continent, the Muslim and the Hindu, had taken clear shape, in the context of the inevitable movement towards the transfer of power, by the time their leaders met the British Government in London at the Round Table Conference, during early thirties.
The name " Pakistan " was first used by Chaudhry Rahmat Ali, a student, in a pamphlet published in London in the early thirties. The concept of a homeland for Indian Muslims was put forward by Allama Iqbal in his presidential address at the Allahabad session of the All Indian Muslim League in 1930. A session of the Muslim League was held in March 1940 at Lahore, where the pretentious Resolution demanding a separate "homeland" was passed. The Resolution was moved on March 23, by Maulvi Fazlul Haq and seconded by Ch. Khaiquzzaman Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung and one representative from each province. The Resolution was finally adopted at the night session on March 24, 1940.
The ambition of the Muslim nation was realized, seven years later, on August 14, 1947, when Muhammad Ali Jinnah become the first Governor-General of the new State of Pakistan.
In the name "Pakistan", the word 'P' stands for the Punjab, "A" for Afghan (i.e. Pathan, North-West Frontier Province), "K" for Kashmir, "S" for Sindh and "Tan" for Baluchistan.

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