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Sunday, February 19, 2012

About The Origin and Significance of the name of " Pakistan ".

Pakistan, by Allah's grace, achieved existence on August 14, 1947 by way of transfer of power by the British Government to the people of the Sub-Continent. The division of the sub-continent become inevitable in the face of the pressure of the Muslim population to have a country of their own where, it was felt, their religion, culture, mode of life as well as participation in politics, industry and trade, would be secure.
The differences between the two main principal religious communities of the Sub-Continent, the Muslim and the Hindu, had taken clear shape, in the context of the inevitable movement towards the transfer of power, by the time their leaders met the British Government in London at the Round Table Conference, during early thirties.
The name " Pakistan " was first used by Chaudhry Rahmat Ali, a student, in a pamphlet published in London in the early thirties. The concept of a homeland for Indian Muslims was put forward by Allama Iqbal in his presidential address at the Allahabad session of the All Indian Muslim League in 1930. A session of the Muslim League was held in March 1940 at Lahore, where the pretentious Resolution demanding a separate "homeland" was passed. The Resolution was moved on March 23, by Maulvi Fazlul Haq and seconded by Ch. Khaiquzzaman Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung and one representative from each province. The Resolution was finally adopted at the night session on March 24, 1940.
The ambition of the Muslim nation was realized, seven years later, on August 14, 1947, when Muhammad Ali Jinnah become the first Governor-General of the new State of Pakistan.
In the name "Pakistan", the word 'P' stands for the Punjab, "A" for Afghan (i.e. Pathan, North-West Frontier Province), "K" for Kashmir, "S" for Sindh and "Tan" for Baluchistan.

Something about Warsaw Pact.

This treaty was signed at Warsaw, Poland in May, 1955 by Russia, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, East Germany, Albania, Poland and Rumania.
Each country promised to assist the other by all means in case of an attack. this alliance of Communist countries is as a counter measure against NATO and Western European Union. Albania and Rumania have left this alliance.

Hot War

At a time when a country finds it difficult to settle an international dispute, then it starts a conflict to solve that issue which is called Hot War or a Shooting War.

What is a Cold War?

Cold war is a political rather then a military affair. It precedes a formal declaration of war. It refers to a condition of international dispute somewhere  between negotiation and war itself. It is, in fact, a dangerous situation where relations among  nations have become strained and the next step in the worsening plight can lead to armed war. The participant nations in the cold war are, indeed, in political and economic conflict except by the exercise of mutual restraint, total war has not ensued.
It is with all possible means, short of war conflict except by the exercise of mutual restraint, total war by which a country aims at uprooting the existing balance of power. It makes utmost attempts to weaken the enemy by winning over his possible allies, overthrowing  constitutional authority through subversion and infiltration, confusing his beliefs and undermining his economy.
The Cold war, on account of division of the world in two blocs, following divergent policies, has acquired a world-wide range. Each bloc is seeking to reach, before war becomes inevitable, such a position that it can be won with the minimum period of fighting.

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