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Saturday, November 12, 2011

Ancient Physics

1. Historical records show that the Ancient Babylonians and Egyptians were familiar with some of the fundamental principles of physics especially those dealing with the measurement of land and astronomy.
2. Chines were familiar with the magnetic compass.
3. Thales was aware of static electricity.
4. Pythagoras introduced the famous Pythagorean theorem.
5. Democritics explained the atomic nature of matter.
6. Aristotle, a student of Plato, wrote the first book on physics.
7. Euclid made some contribution to geometrical optics.
8. Archimedes made notable contribution to optics, mechanics, hydrostatics, hydraulics and other fields of physics. He was a great mathematician. He gave the idea of force in equilibrium. He also enunciated the principle of buoyancy of fluids known after him as "Archimedes Principle". He used this principle for testing the purity of gold used for the King's crown.

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